ecotheatre, theatre of species, more-than-human, ecoimaginary, posthumanism


Integrating performing arts research into the environmental humanities frame, the aim of this paper, firstly, is to uncover theoretical ideas of posthumanist thinkers about species interdependency [Tsing 2012; Haraway 2015] in context of the environmental issues and, secondly, to integrate these perspectives into practices of the ecotheatrical performances in Latvia.

As it is no longer possible to separate nature from culture in a world outside humans [Haraway 2003], ecotheatre serves as a form of environmental imaginary [Woynarski 2015; May 2021] reshaping human and more-than-human relations, shifting from anthropocentric paradigm towards ecocentric worldview. Theatre of species rearranges the usual anthropocentric hierarchy and includes new actors in the theatre – non-human entities and the more-than-human world [Chaudhuri 2017].

The article provides close reading of three ecotheatrical performances, including Bee Matter (Iveta Pole, 2021), Mushroom Picking Championship (Ilze Bloka, 2021), Last Night of the Deer (Jānis Balodis, Nahuel Cano, 2022), looking how ecotheatre practitioners discursively, physically, and visually represent non-human species and their relationship with humans in the context of urgency of the environmental issues.

In ecotheatrical performances, physicality as embodiment comes to the fore, alongside with invitation to the spectator not to think about but already to think with nature resonating posthumanism and postmodern shamanism ideas.

Supporting Agencies
Publication was prepared with the support of the Latvian Science Council in the project “Landscapes of Identities: History, Culture and Environment”, project no. VPPLETONIKA2021/1-0008.


Download data is not yet available.


Angelaki, V. (2022). Theatre & Environment. London and New York: Methuen Drama.

Åsberg, C. (2020). A Sea Change in the Environmental Humanities. Ecocene: Cappadocia Journal of Environmental Humanities 1, No. 1 (June), pp.108−122.

Balcare, K. (2022). What Will Be Left After Us? The Rise of Ecotheatre in Latvia in Times of Pandemic. Critical Stages, No. 25 (June). Available: (viewed 01.03.2023.)

Balodis, J., Cano, N. (2022). Last Night of the Deer. Dramaturgical material of performance. In private archive of the author of the article.

Bee Matter, Available: (viewed 01.03.2023.)

Bignall, P. (2022). Posthuman Agency. In: R. Braidotti, E. Jones & G. Klumbyte (eds.). More Posthuman Glossary. London and New York: Bloomsbury Academic, pp. 104–105.

Chaudhuri, U. (1994). There Must Be a Lot of Fish in That Lake: Toward an Ecological Theater. Theater, Vol. 25 (1), pp. 23–31.

Chaudhuri, U. (2017). The Stage Lives of Animals. Zooesis and Performance. London: Routledge.

Davis, H. (2020). Art in the Anthropocene. In: R. Braidotti, M. Hlavajova (eds). Posthuman Glossary. London: Bloomsbury Academic, pp. 63–65.

Haraway, D. (2015). Anthropocene, Capitalocene, Plantationocene, Chthulucene: Making Kin. Environmental Humanities, Vol. 6, pp. 159–165.

Haraway, D. (2003). The Companion Species Manifesto: Dogs, People, and Significant Otherness. Chicago: Prickly Paradigm Press.

Last Night of the Deer, Available: (viewed 01.03.2023.)

May, T. J. (2007). Beyond a Bambi: Toward a Dangerous Ecocriticism in Theatre Studies. Theatre Topics, Vol. 17 (2), pp. 95–110.

May, T. J. (2021). Earth Matter on Stage. Ecology and Environment in American Theater. London and New York: Routledge.

Mushroom Picking Championship, Available: (viewed 01.03.2023.)

Neimanis, A., Åsberg, C., Hedrén, J. (2015). Four Problems, Four Directions for Environmental Humanities: Toward Critical Posthumanities for the Anthropocene. Ethics and the Environment, Vol. 20 (Spring), pp. 67–97.

Orozco, L. (2019). Theatre & Animals. London: Red Globe Press.

Parrikka, J. (2020). Anthropocene. In: R. Braidotti, M. Hlavajova (eds). Posthuman Glossary. London: Bloomsbury Academic, pp. 51–53.

Plumwood, V. (2003). Animals and Ecology: Towards a Better Integration. Available: (viewed 01.03.2023.)

Rutkeviča, M. (2021). Mushroom Picking Championship. Dramaturgical material of performance. In private archive of the author of the article.

Tsing, A. (2012). Unruly Edges: Mushrooms as Companion Species. Environmental Humanities, Vol. 1, pp. 141–154.

Woynarski, L. (2020). Ecodramaturgies. Theatre, Performance and Climate Change. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.